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Monday, July 13, 2020 | History

2 edition of Hydrostratigraphy and potential problems of seawater intrusion on northern Camano Island, WA found in the catalog.

Hydrostratigraphy and potential problems of seawater intrusion on northern Camano Island, WA

Lloyd G. Stevens

Hydrostratigraphy and potential problems of seawater intrusion on northern Camano Island, WA

by Lloyd G. Stevens

  • 346 Want to read
  • 38 Currently reading

Published .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Saltwater encroachment -- Washington (State) -- Camano Island.,
  • Groundwater -- Washington (State) -- Camano Island.,
  • Aquifers -- Washington (State) -- Camano Island.

  • Edition Notes

    Statementby Lloyd G. Stevens.
    The Physical Object
    Paginationiv, 115 leaves :
    Number of Pages115
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL13591304M

    Saltwater intrusion can happen in two cases: Lateral intrusion of sea water because of overpumpming from the wells Deeper saline water movement due to to upconing near coastal wells. To prevent saltwater intrusion, some of the rules for well drilling should be followed: Well location – at least 50 m from the coast Well depth – avoid deep. Potential pathways for seawater intrusion include hydraulic connection to aquifer beds exposed at the sea floor, flow along buried ancient stream channels, and flow through crushed rock in fault zones.

      Seawater intrusion can harm groundwater quality in a variety of places, both coastal and inland, throughout California.. Along the coast, seawater intrusion into aquifers is connected to overdrafting of groundwater. Additionally, in the interior, groundwater pumping can draw up salty water from ancient seawater isolated in subsurface sediments. Sea water intrusion and remediation in the Upper Floridan Aquifer in South Carolina is simulated using the finite‐element model SUTRA developed by the U.S. Geological Survey. A sensitivity analysis of the effect of the hydrogeologic parameters on the sea water recharge and seepage velocities is performed. An increase in confining unit and/or.

    such as the Chalk, intrusion can be rapid along individual fractures and extend inland for considerable distances. To control saline intrusion, a seaward hydraulic gradient should be maintained and a proportion of the natural fresh-water recharge allowed to Sea-water intrusion UK Groundwater Forum Main areas of sea-water intrusion.   This study was carried out between October and September to determine seawater intrusion in the right bank of the Bafra Plain, Turkey. Monthly water samples were taken from 28 groundwater wells used for irrigation water supply, and EC, pH, Na+, Ca2+, K+, Mg2+, CO 3 2−, HCO 3 −, Cl− and SO 4 2− levels were measured. 18O, D and T analysis were performed using water .


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Hydrostratigraphy and potential problems of seawater intrusion on northern Camano Island, WA by Lloyd G. Stevens Download PDF EPUB FB2

Seawater intrusion Seawater has intruded into some island aquifers in the coastal areas. This is especially true near Point Partridge, and the northeastern and southern parts of Camano Island.

The Department of Ecology. This focus sheet provides information on the availability of water for new uses in the Island Watershed. This information. Seawater Intrusion Source Monitoring Island County Code (Seawater Intrusion Protection) is designed to help protect our aquifers / drinking water from issues related to seawater intrusion.

One of the tools incorporated into the code is the development of seawater intrusion risk ratings for areas of the county. The data from a study of groundwater availability and quality in Island County, Washington, are presented.

Increased groundwater withdrawals associated with the population increase in Island County have caused concern about groundwater availability and potential seawater intrusion. The most widely used aquifer lies near sea level. Locally, available data indicate that one or more water-bearing.

The groundwater from shallow coastal aquifers in Nigeria has been reported to be under intense stress resulting from both natural and anthropogenic impacts ranging from saltwater intrusion, effluent-related contamination and pollution to oil spillage, gas flaring, municipal, industries and agriculture.

Here we characterised the hydrostratigraphy and hydraulic characteristics of the shallow Cited by: 1. AbstractGroundwater is an important water resource in many coastal areas around the world. Excessive pumping can change the flow pattern so that seawater may migrate into the freshwater aquifer.

In addition, the rise of the sea level due to climate change could accelerate the landward intrusion of seawater. This study addresses the problem of variable-density groundwater flow and Cited by:   sea-water intrusion salt-water encroachment. sea-water intrusion salt-water encroachment.

Skip to main content Skip to table Search within book. Type for suggestions. Table of contents Previous. Page Navigate to page number. of Next. About this reference work. Further Hydrostratigraphy and potential problems of seawater intrusion on northern Camano Island of Seawater Intrusion in Coastal Lopez Island (WA) Aquifers.

Laura Strom and Russel Barsh. Inthe U.S. Geological Survey measured chloride concentrations in samples from Lopez Island wells, and concluded that nearly half of the wells sampled showed evidence of seawater intrusion (USGS ). The study area is subjected to sea water intrusion due t o e xtraction of fresh wa ter fr om the c oastal aquifer.

The water quality samples collected fr om the nine wells are located in the Figure 1. and in to determine long-term trends of intrusion. Seawater-intrusion conditions in were similar to those detected in the late 's; for the most part, intrusion continued to be a problem of only local concern in Washington.

Many of the counties surveyed insuch as Clallam. terranean () explicitly express concern regarding sea-water intrusion. In general terms, seawater intrusion is the occurrence of seawater in fresh groundwater. This wedge of saltwater in-land from the coast line is a product of the distinct densities of saltwater and freshwater.

In addition to the density ratio. Sea water intrusion is represented by the landward advance of mg/L iso‐salinity line, a concentration of dissolved salts that renders groundwater unsuitable for human use.

A mathematical formulation of the resolution of sea water intrusion among its causes was quantified via numerical simulation under scenarios of change in. Seawater intrusion (SWI) is one of the most challenging and widespread environmental problems that threaten the quality and sustainability of fresh groundwater resources in coastal aquifers.

The excessive pumping of groundwater, associated with the lack of natural recharge, has exacerbated the SWI problem in arid and semi-arid regions. Therefore, appropriate management strategies should be. Saltwater intrusion is defined as the inland movement of seawater into aquifers previously occupied by freshwater.

The causes include: climate change, groundwater pumping, higher evapotranspiration, lower recharge, anthropogenic causes, urban development (buildings, pavement, sewers, ), channelization of wetlands, agricultural practices. The problem of seawater intrusion in coastal aquifers has increasingly become the main issue in managing freshwater resources in coastal regions and has attracted growing attention over recent decades [Post and Abarca, ; Werner et al., ].

The location of the interface between freshwater and seawater subject to. The numerical simulations of seawater intrusion indicate that one meter of sea-level rise would contribute an additional 10 to 15 meters of inland spread of the 1, mg/L saline front and 20 to 30 meters of mg/L saline front.

1. Introduction. Mexico, with km of coastline, has experienced an important growth in population and agricultural surface in coastal areas over the past 30 years, which has led to the overexploitation of several aquifer systems (SEMARNAT and CONAGUA, ).The problems of seawater intrusion are most notable west of Sonora and in the Baja California Peninsula, with minor problems.

where z =z (x) is the depth of the salt water‐fresh water interface below mean sea level (L), ρ f is the fresh water density [ML −3], ρ s is the salt water density [ML −3], h =h (x) is the water table elevation above mean sea level [L], and α is the density ratio ρ f /(ρ s −ρ f).

α is commonly assumed to be 40 but varies between 33 and 50 for typical densities of fresh ground. Sophiya and Syed () studied vulnerability to seawater intrusion along the coastal Ramanathapuram district of southeastern India using the GALDIT index model. The key contributions of this work include a comprehensive assessment of seawater intrusion in the study area, over a significantly large period of 10 years.

Scott Jasechko, Debra Perrone, Hansjörg Seybold, Ying Fan, James W. Kirchner, Groundwater level observations incoastal US wells reveal scope of potential seawater intrusion, Nature Communications, /s, 11, 1, (). modeling potential seawater intrusion conditions. This study is focused on on the central, more sparsely populated elevated core of Guemes Island (Figure 2).

A northeast-southwest trending, poor-ly drained lowland is expected to effectively hy-drogeologically isolate the north peninsular portion of Guemes Island, providing a northern bound to. saltwater intrusion is occurring near Brunswick and Savannah, Georgia, and on Hilton Head Island, South Carolina.

In New Jersey, aquifers underlying parts of Atlantic, Gloucester, Monmouth, Cape May, Ocean, and Salem Counties are being affected by saltwater intru-sion.

The threat of saltwater intrusion is always present on Long Island, New York.That condition not only has the potential to cause inundation which results in flood events but in the north area of Jakarta land subsidence also results in seawater intrusion [11].

The decreasing.hydrogeologic framework, availability of water supplies, and saltwater intrusion, cape may county, new jersey by pierre j.

lacombe and glen b. carleton.